How Much Does It Cost To Build [Detailed Explanation]


Soccer stadiums come in all shapes and sizes, from old, historic venues that have been around for decades, to newer, state-of-the-art facilities.

For many soccer fans, the idea of watching their favorite team play in a brand-new stadium is a dream come true. Not only do these venues offer improved amenities and a better game-day experience, but they also have the potential to elevate a team’s performance both on and off the field.

However, it’s important to note that the construction and operation of a new stadium is also a significant financial investment for the team and its ownership.

The revenue generated from ticket sales, concessions, and other sources can help the team to generate a profit, while also investing in player development and other aspects.

So, while a new stadium is certainly exciting for fans, it also serves as an important financial asset for the team

How Much Does It Cost To Build Soccer Stadiums?

Soccer Stadiums : How Much Does It Cost To Build [Detailed Explanation]

Professional soccer stadiums can vary greatly in cost, with some costing as little as $250 million and others costing as much as $1.5 billion. The capacity of these stadiums also determines, with an average capacity of around 25,000 to 100,000 seats.

One example of a high-cost, high-capacity stadium is the Tottenham Hotspur Stadium.  The biggest club ground in London and second only to Manchester United’s Old Trafford in the Premier League which seats 61,000 fans and cost $1.4 billion to build.

This state-of-the-art stadium offers all of the best amenities and is located in a good location.

Building a soccer stadium is not just about the cost of the structure, but also the cost of the infrastructure and amenities surrounding the stadium.

According to reports, the Supreme Committee for Delivery and Legacy (SC) Secretary General Hassan Al Thawadi stated that Qatar spent a total of $8 billion to $10 billion on the setting up of the 9 new world cup stadiums, plus the renovation of 3 other stadiums.

A lot goes into building a soccer stadium, Architects and engineers have to focus on more than just maximum capacity. To attract fans, most modern stadiums are filled with a multitude of amenities, from bars to hotels and shopping complexes.

This would drive labor and material costs up to the roof, but with the amount of revenue generated from soccer matches, the investments seem to be worth it.

A club that invests in a new stadium knows its income will increase with more ticket sales, hospitality, executive boxes, sponsorship, and prestige.

A new stadium is a statement of intent, and it can also increase the chance of a team to be able to lure that star striker to the club. However, building a new stadium can be a significant financial investment and requires extensive research and planning.

The costs can be prohibitive and it can take years to recoup the investment.

Famous soccer stadiums and how much they cost to build:

Stadium Home Team Construction Cost
Etihad Stadium Manchester City £110 million
Allianz Stadium Juventus FC €155 million
Allianz Arena Bayern Munich €340 million
Emirates Stadium Arsenal FC £390 million
Wembley Stadium England National Team €798 million
Tottenham Hotspur Stadium Tottenham Hotspur £1 billion
Camp Nou FC Barcelona €1.73 billion

Caveat: The cost of building a stadium today would likely be more expensive than it would have been in the past due to inflation. As prices for materials and labor rise over time, the overall cost of building a new stadium can increase.

This means that if a stadium was built in the 80s or 90s, the cost to build the same stadium today would be higher.

READ ALSO | 2026 Word Cup Stadiums & Cities

What Factors Determine The Cost Of Building A Soccer Stadium?

When planning the construction of a new soccer stadium, lots of factors must be taken into consideration to ensure that the costs are accurately calculated. These factors include the location of the stadium, the duration of construction, and the infrastructure that will be included.


Building a soccer stadium is no cheap feat, and with all the structure and aesthetics that modern stadiums have, it’s no wonder why.

From fancy cooling & heating systems to retractable roofs, these stadiums are equipped with the latest state-of-the-art techs. But, of course, the more luxury features a club wants, the higher the price comes. So, it’s a matter of deciding which designs are necessities and which are just nice to have.

Gone are the days of a basic four stands surrounding a pitch, now with the advent of technology and the need to meet the standards of the top leagues, clubs got to have all the extras such as :

  • Luxury suites and club seating for the wealthy folks
  • State-of-the-art technology such as HD video boards and Wi-Fi throughout the stadia
  • Eco-friendly features like solar panels and rainwater harvesting systems
  • Team merchandise stores for fans gear needs
  • Capability to host other events such as concerts and conventions
  • High-speed internet faster than a cheetah on Red Bull
  • Bigger and better screens
  • A one-stop shop for all entertainment needs!

Each one may be necessary, but they all add up, so it’s all about finding the perfect balance between what a club needs and what it can afford


The location of the stadium is a crucial factor in determining the cost of construction. Building a stadium in a city can be highly expensive due to the lack of available land and the difficulty in obtaining planning permission.

However, building in other parts of town may be less expensive but may also result in a small stadium structure & seats. It’s important to consider proximity to rival fan bases and accessibility for fans.

Seat Capacity

When it comes to stadiums, the bigger the better. A packed seat capacity means more revenue for the club, and even teams with smaller fanbases know that expanding seating capacity can lead to bigger profits down the line.

Take Camp Nou for example, it can hold a whopping 99,354 fans, with an average ticket ranging from €100 -200, depending on the opposing team played.

And when every seat is filled, FC Barcelona is raking in a huge dough. But it’s not just the big-name teams that are thinking about expanding.

Even clubs in the lower leagues might build a new stadium if they see the potential for growth, whether it’s from new owners or investors. On the other hand, a struggling club won’t bother with a new stadium, as they know it’s a sunk cost.

And if they’re lucky, they might even be able to host other events at the stadium if they find a suitable location in a major city

Construction time

The duration of construction can also affect the overall cost of the stadium. From the moment the decision is made to build a new stadium, costs begin to increase, including expenses for design, planning, and research.

The longer the construction takes, the more money the club will have to spend without seeing any return.

A recent example of a club that has felt the ripple effects of a new stadium is Arsenal. The cost of construction did affect their cash flow to the point where the North London club struggled to buy top players and has seen debt spiral out of control. It took Arsenal almost ten years to recover both on and off the field.

It’s crucial for clubs to consider these factors and plan accordingly before undertaking such a significant financial investment.

Who Funds The Building Of Soccer Stadiums?

The answer is not a simple one, as it depends on a number of factors.

First, it’s important to consider where the stadium is being built. If it’s in a major city, the cost may be split between the city and the team or organization that will be using the stadium.

In some cases, the city may even fully fund the construction of the stadium in order to attract a team or boost economic development.

Another important factor is the cost of the stadium itself. The larger and more complex the stadium, the more expensive it will be to build.

This means that the cost will be split between the team or organization that will be using the stadium and any investors or partners involved in the project.

Investors: This means the money that comes directly from the team or an ownership group. This is often a popular option for cities that don’t see the construction of a stadium as a priority for their community.

Another way teams can offset the costs of building a stadium is by securing sponsorship and naming rights deals, just like the Arsenal deal we mentioned earlier (Emirates).

This means that businesses are willing to pay a lot of money to have their name on the side of the stadium.

For example, a company might pay hundreds of millions of dollars per year to have its name on the stadium. This is a win-win situation for both parties. The business gets a lot of exposure, and the team gets a lot of money to help cover the costs of building the stadium.

Public Funding: This type of funding means the funds come from taxpayers, rather than the team or an ownership group.

However, this funding can be a bit controversial as the locals may not agree that their tax money should be used to fund a stadium, but instead for other basic needs such as schools and hospitals.

In some cases, taxpayers are given the opportunity to vote on whether or not they want to help fund a stadium. An example of this is the Barclays Center in New York.

According to The New York Times, the New York City and state governments contributed about $260 million in taxpayer money to the construction of the stadium, and about $266 million in tax exemptions were also allowed.

Public-private Partnerships: In this model, a private company or consortium partners with a public agency to finance, build and operate the stadium.

The private entity would provide the majority of the funding and assumes most of the risk in exchange for the right to operate and profit from the stadium.

Tax Increment Financing (TIF): TIF is a financing method that uses future gains in taxes from the increased economic activity in the area surrounding a stadium to pay for the construction of the stadium.

How Do Stadiums Generate Money?

Stadiums can generate money through different means, including:

  1. Ticket sales: The primary source of revenue for most stadiums is the sale of tickets for events such as football games, concerts, and other sporting events.
  2. Concessions: Food, drinks, and merchandise sales inside the stadium can also generate significant revenue.
  3. Advertising: Stadiums can earn money through advertising, such as by selling naming rights to the stadium, placing ads on billboards and scoreboards, and through sponsorship deals.
  4. Luxury seating: Many stadiums also offer premium seating options, such as luxury suites and club seats, which can generate additional revenue.
  5. Parking: Parking revenue can also be a significant source of revenue for stadiums, particularly for those located in urban areas where parking is at a premium.
  6. Non-game-day events: Stadiums can also generate revenue by renting out the facility for non-game-day events such as conventions, trade shows, and other special events.

It’s important to note that the amount of money a stadium generates can depend on various factors such as its location, size, and the popularity of the team or event that is playing there.

A stadium located in a prime location with a large capacity and a popular team is more likely to generate more revenue than a smaller stadium in a less popular location with a less popular team.

Do Stadiums Boost Local Economy?

Don’t believe the hype, stadiums are not the economic saviors they’re cracked up to be, these stadiums often make little impact on local economies.

Of course, they may bring in some revenue, but it’s not enough.

Meanwhile, other developments like arenas, shopping malls, and manufacturing plants are scoring touchdowns left and right by employing more people and generating more tax revenue.

So, let’s stop fumbling with the idea of stadiums as economic drivers and instead, focus on developments that are sure to bring home the bacon.

Reasons why stadiums are not economic drivers:

  • A limited number of events held at stadiums: Soccer stadiums host about 20 regular season games per year, which may not generate enough revenue to make a significant impact on the local economy.
  • Other developments may be more beneficial for promoting local economic growth: Frequently used arenas, shopping malls, and manufacturing plants have been found to employ more people and generate more tax revenue for the city.
  • High maintenance and construction costs: Building and maintaining a stadium can be quite expensive, which may not provide the best return on investment for cities.
  • Displacement of local businesses: The construction of new stadiums may displace local businesses, and the influx of visitors and tourists may cause housing prices to rise, making it difficult for low-income residents to afford to live in the area.
  • Limited time-frame of usage: Unlike the other developments mentioned, stadiums are only used during sporting events, hence the usage is limited in terms of time frame.

What Are The Risk Of Building A Stadium?

Building a stadium can be a complex and costly undertaking, and there are several risks that need to be considered before embarking on such a project. Some of the major risks include:

  1. Financial risks: Building a stadium can be an expensive undertaking, and there is always the risk that the costs of building will exceed the budget, which could result in financial losses for the investors or taxpayers who are funding the project. Also, there is always the possibility that the revenue generated by the stadium may not be enough to cover the costs of operation and maintenance, which could also lead to financial losses.
  2. Political risks: Stadium projects can be politically controversial, and there is always the prospect that local or national politicians may oppose the project, which could delay or even derail the project.
  3. Environmental risks: Building a stadium can be like a bull in a china shop for the environment, and there’s always the possibility that the project may not comply with environmental regulations, and this can lead to hefty fines or legal action
  4. Demographic risks: The demographic of the area could change, and if the stadium is no longer in a good location, it could lead to a decrease in attendance and revenue.
  5. Operational risks: A low usage of the stadium can lead to reduced revenue and financial challenges in paying off debt.

READ ALSO | Top 10 Soccer Finest & Biggest Stadiums

How Long Does A Stadium Last?

A stadium is built to last, whether it’s a few decades or a century.

A stadium is like a luxury car, it may last long but at some point, you’ll want to trade it in for a newer model.

The lifespan of a stadium can vary depending on a number of factors, such as the materials used in construction, the level of maintenance, and the level of use.

Some stadiums can last for decades, while others may need to be replaced or renovated after just a few years.

It’s like a fine wine, the older it gets the more it has sentimental value, but at some point, it might be better to open a new bottle.

A stadium that’s well-maintained and upgraded as needed can last for decades, while one that’s neglected or constantly in use may need to be renovated.



Afterthought – How Much Does It Cost To Build Soccer Stadiums

Building a new stadium is a complex and expensive process.

Before construction even begins, millions of dollars are invested in planning and design to ensure that all issues and opportunities have been taken into account.

Time is also a crucial factor in the cost of building a stadium. The faster the stadium is built, the sooner the club can begin to see a return on its investment.

When a club decides to build a new stadium, it can be an exciting time for fans, marking the beginning of a new era.

However, it also marks the end of an era for many clubs that have been at their current stadiums for over a century.

Although a new stadium may be more modern and sleek, it cannot replace the history and nostalgia feelings of the old stadium.





Is building a stadium profitable?

It is still an ongoing debate that building stadiums is a good idea because it can lead to more jobs, income, and tax revenue for the area. However, research has shown that stadiums do not often bring these benefits in reality.

This is mainly due to the fact that the economic benefits of stadiums are often overstated, as many of the jobs and income generated are temporary or low-paying.

Stadiums are typically financed through public funds, which can divert money away from more pressing needs in the community. And are often used infrequently, with most of the events and games happening on weekends and holidays, which does not provide a significant economic stimulus to the area.

What is the cost of building a stadium that meets FIFA’s standards?

The cost of building a stadium that meets FIFA’s standards can vary depending on a number of factors such as location, seats, and structural design. On average, the cost can range from tens of millions to hundreds of millions of dollars.

The cost of building a new stadium in Europe can range from $100 million to $1 billion. In other parts of the world, such as in Africa and Asia, the cost is generally lower, with new stadiums costing between $50 million to $150 million.

What is the most expensive sports stadium?

Sofi Stadium & Allegiant Stadium

The two most recent and most expensive stadiums are SoFi Stadium, home of the Los Angeles Rams, and Allegiant Stadium, home of the Las Vegas Raiders, with a reported cost of $1.9 billion and opened in 2020.

AT&T Stadium, the home of the Dallas Cowboys, which cost a reported $1.3 billion and opened in 2009, is also among the most expensive stadiums.

Which stadium is expensive in Africa?

Cape Town Stadium

Cape Town Stadium, also known as the Green Point Stadium in South Africa was one of the most expensive stadiums built in Africa. The stadium was built for the 2010 FIFA World Cup at a cost of around $600 million.

The stadium is a state-of-the-art, multi-purpose facility that can seat up to 68,000 spectators and is designed to be one of the most modern and environmentally friendly stadiums in the world. It is also an iconic landmark of Cape town.

Which Stadium is the biggest in Africa?

FNB Stadium

The biggest stadium in Africa is FNB Stadium, also known as Soccer City, located in Johannesburg, South Africa.

The stadium has a seating capacity of 94,736 and was built in 1989. It is the home of the South African national football team and is also used for concerts and other sporting events. The stadium is most notable as the site of Nelson Mandela’s first speech after his release from prison in 1990, and it also hosted the 2010 FIFA World Cup final.

What is the biggest US stadium?

Michigan Stadium

The biggest stadium in the United States by seating capacity is the Michigan Stadium located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Also known as “The Big House“, the stadium is the home of the University of Michigan Wolverines football team.

It has a seating capacity of 107,601, and it has undergone several renovations and expansions throughout the years. It’s one of the largest stadiums in the world and it’s the biggest in the USA.

How much does a roof on a stadium cost?

$50m to $500 million

The cost of adding a roof to a stadium stretch differently depending on the design of the roof, as well as the materials used in construction. A standard retractable roof can cost between $50m to $300 million, and a fixed roof can cost between $30m to $100 million.

However, in some cases, the cost can be much higher. The retractable roof on the new Atlanta Falcons’ Mercedes-Benz Stadium cost around $300 million.

What materials are used to build a stadium?

The materials used to build a stadium usually include concrete for foundations, steel for main structural elements, glass for facade and skylights, aluminum for cladding and roofing, wood for internal finishing and flooring, synthetic materials such as fiberglass and composites for roofing, cladding and seating and natural materials such as stone and brick for matching architectural style of the surrounding area.

The choice of materials can also depend on the location, climate, and budget of the project.



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